best e-bike conversion kits 2023

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Despite the overwhelming array of electric bikes on the market, the DIY option is still very popular amongst enthusiasts. The best ebike conversion kits allow you to customise a bike to suit your needs. The end user can fine-tune things like battery capacity, motor power, and pedal assist characteristics in providing the perfect biking experience!

What are the best bike conversion kits in 2023?

  1. Best newcomer for 2023: CYC Photon
  2. Best mid-drive e-bike kit: Bafang BBS02B 750w
  3. Best torque-sensing conversion kit: Tongsheng TSDZ2
  4. Best 1000w e-bike conversion kit: Bafang BBSHD
  5. Best fat bike conversion kit: EBikling
  6. Best rear wheel conversion kit: Bafang rear wheel hub motor
  7. Best budget conversion kit: Voilamart
  8. Best front wheel e-bike kit: Yose Power

Why do ebike conversion kits make sense? Because they are affordable and customisable. You can fit a more powerful motor if you live in a hilly area. Do you need an electric bike to tackle longer journeys? No problem, you can choose a bigger battery to suit your requirements.

This tongsheng tsdz2 fitted to a decathlon hybrid bike is one of the best ebike conversion kits on the market
As good as a factory e-bike? I covered over 1,000 miles on this one!

Without further ado, here are my recommendations for the best ebike conversion kits in 2023. I ran a successful electric bike conversion business for five years and have extensive knowledge and experience with most of the kits featured below. For more information, please read my electric bike conversion kit guide at the bottom of this article.

CYC Photon

Best New Electric Bike Conversion Kit for 2023

cyc photon best new electric bike conversion kit for 2023
The new CYC Photon Mid-Drive Motor


  • Motor location: Bottom Bracket
  • Motor compatibility: 68 – 83mm Threaded, BB92 Pressfit, 100mm or 120mm threaded
  • Motor weight: 3.3 kg
  • Power output: 1200-watts max – can be configured to meet EU / UK 250-watts (continuous)
  • Voltage: 36 – 52 volts
  • Top speed: 30 mph (estimated) depends on gearing and other factors
  • Price: $950 / £975


  • Compatible with different bottom bracket types
  • Lightweight
  • Customisable
  • Good chainline


  • Expensive
  • Increased wear on bike gear components and chain

The new CYC Photon looks like the mid-drive ebike conversion kit we’ve all been waiting for! For the last couple of years, I’ve been saying that the ebike conversion world needs a bit of a shake-up. A lot of what’s on offer in 2023 hasn’t changed that much in nearly eight years.

Hong King-based CYC already shook things up with their X1 Pro motor, aimed at the high-performance end of the market. This latest offering from CYC looks like it fills the void between the Bafang BBSHD and X1 Pro. It’s lightweight, compatible with various bottom bracket sizes and has a torque-sensing assist. In addition, you can configure the motor parameters through the CYC Ride Control smartphone app. They have even designed the chainring to reduce offset and improve the chainline.

Bafang BBS02B 750w

Best Mid-Drive EBike Conversion Kit

boardman mountain bike with bafang bbs02 conversion
A mountain bike fitted with the Bafang BBS02B 750w


  • Motor location: Bottom Bracket
  • Motor compatibility: BSA 68mm – 73mm threaded bottom bracket shell
  • Motor weight: 4.6 kg
  • Power output: 750-watts (nominal) 1200-watts (peak power with 48v battery)
  • Voltage: 48-volts
  • Top speed: 28 mph (estimated) depends on gearing and other factors
  • Price: $400 / £400 Varies depending on the supplier


  • Very powerful
  • Customisable
  • Smooth and quiet
  • It is fairly straightforward to install


  • Poor chainline
  • Only compatible with threaded bottom brackets
  • Hit-and-miss reliability

The Bafang BBS02B 750w has been around for a few years and has benefited from several upgrades. At its time of release in 2014, it was heralded as the best plug-and-play electric bike conversion kit on the market. Although early reliability issues plagued it, the BBS02B remains a global best-seller. I installed over one hundred of these motors over five years – in the first three years, I had a 10% failure rate (controller), but it seemed more reliable in subsequent years.

Riding a Bafang BBS02B-powered bike for the first time is memorable. It’s very powerful and will take you effortlessly up any hill. Installing the Bafang takes around 3 hours. I highly recommend the Bafang BBS02B 750w; it’s a great motor and easy to maintain, thanks to excellent parts availability.

Tongsheng TSDZ2

Best Torque-Sensing EBike Conversion Kit

tongsheng tsdz2 ebike conversion
Tongsheng TSDZ2 motor kit fitted to a hybrid bike


  • Motor location: Bottom Bracket
  • Motor compatibility: BSA 68mm – 73mm threaded bottom bracket shell
  • Motor weight: 3.6 kg
  • Power output: 250w – 500w (nominal)
  • Voltage: 36-volts or 48-volts
  • Top speed: 15 – 25 mph (estimated), depending on gearing and other factors
  • Price: $350 / £300 The price varies between suppliers


  • Torque-sensing pedal assist
  • Lightweight
  • Neat with minimal wiring


  • Poor chainline
  • Not as good for steep hills
  • Some reliability issues

The Tongsheng TSDZ2 is a plug-and-play mid-drive ebike conversion kit. This system uses a sophisticated torque sensor for pedal assist, giving you power proportionate to the force applied to the pedals (much like the Bosch system). The benefits of this system are that it gives you an enhanced cycling experience rather than just giving you power whenever the pedals are turned. In other words, you still have to put some effort in. Also, it’s more efficient (than the Bafang).

I have installed nearly fifty of these motors with very few issues over the years. This is a popular motor for converting a recumbent due to its lower weight (when compared to the Bafang). The TSDZ2 was recently updated, and several weak points were addressed. I love Tongsheng. It is a cracking mid-drive motor for the money. This is the kit for you if you are after Bosch-like performance for a fraction of the price. For more info on fitting, check out the Tongsheng installation manual.

Bafang BBSHD

Best 1000w Mid-Drive Electric Bike Conversion Kit

bafang bbshd fitted to a boardman full suspension mountain bike
Boardman MTB fitted with the BBSHD and 52v Battery


  • Motor location: Bottom Bracket
  • Motor compatibility: BSA 68mm – 73mm threaded bottom bracket shell
  • Motor weight: 4.8 kg
  • Power output: 1000w (Nominal) over 1500w (Peak)
  • Voltage: 48 volts (52 volts Optional)
  • Top speed: 28 mph – 35 mph (Depending on Gearing)


  • Super smooth
  • Great performance
  • Robust and generally reliable
  • Customisable


  • Poor chainline
  • Heavy
  • Quite expensive

If you’re familiar with ebike conversion kits, you’ll know the Bafang BBSHD is popular. It’s been a go-to mid-drive motor for enthusiasts for the past seven years. While it may not seem much more powerful than the BBS02B on paper, you’ll feel the extra power when you ride it. It’s not the most powerful e-bike motor, but affordable for most people.

With a high-quality 52-volt battery, peak power will be nearly 1800 watts (with a fully charged battery). Even as the voltage drops off, power stays above 1200 watts. It climbs hills like a mountain goat, making your bike wheelie if geared low enough. No other conversion kit offers the same bang for your buck, value for money and relative ease of installation.


Best EBike Conversion Kit for Fat Tyre Bike

ebikeling 1200w 26 inch fat tire e-bike conversion kit


  • Motor location: In front or rear wheel
  • Motor compatibility: 135mm front or 175mm rear quick-release rear dropouts
  • Motor weight: 15.8 lbs
  • Power output: 1200 watts (1450-watts Peak)
  • Voltage: 48 volts
  • Top speed: 28 mph


  • High quality
  • Reliable
  • Straightforward to install
  • Good top speed


  • Heavy and inefficient
  • Not so good on steep hills

The Ebikeling 1200-watt fat tyre ebike conversion kit is a high-quality option available to customers in the US and Canada. They also ship to the UK and EU, but the shipping cost is high. It’s a popular choice with electric bike enthusiasts and provides a cost-effective way to convert your fat tire bike to electric. In addition, the Ebikeling kit is available in either front or rear wheel fitment, so you could potentially build yourself an all-wheel drive beast of a machine!

With a peak power of 1450 watts, there’s plenty of power for cruising on gravel tracks or taking your bike to the beach. These direct-drive hub motors are very smooth and practically silent. The only downside is they’re not particularly efficient so that you will need a good battery with a large energy capacity.

This kit includes everything you need (apart from the battery) to get going. And there’s good customer support and warranty backup from a US-based company. It is worth considering if you want to boost your fat bike performance.

Bafang Rear Wheel Conversion Kit

Best Rear Hub Motor Conversion Kit

bafang 48v 500w cst rear hub motor kit with color display
The Bafang rear-wheel ebike conversion kit


  • Motor location: In front or rear wheel
  • Motor compatibility: 135mm front or 175mm rear quick-release rear dropouts
  • Motor weight: 4 lbs
  • Power output: 500w
  • Voltage: 36v or 48v
  • Top speed: 15 – 25 mph
  • Price: $300 / £300 The price varies between supplier


  • Very smooth performance
  • Reliable
  • High torque output


  • Not legal in the UK and EU
  • Lots of wiring to tidy

Bafang has been a global leader in electric bike components for years, and its geared hub motors are among the best available. They are so good that many electric bike manufacturers use their hub motors in factory electric bikes. The Bafang hub motor is generally very reliable while at the same time offering top-class performance. The motor is a little noisier due to the planetary gears, but the noise is minimal.

The other great thing about the Bafang hub motor is its durability. Geared hub motors can sometimes suffer from the wear of the planetary gears (usually made of nylon), but with the Bafang hub motor, it doesn’t seem too much of a problem. As with all hub motors, you must regularly check and tighten the spokes and ensure you fit an excellent puncture-resistant tyre like a Schwalbe Marathon Plus – to save on time-consuming roadside puncture repairs.


Best Budget E-Bike Conversion Kit

voilamart 1000w 48v ebike conversion kit rear wheel
The Voilamart 1000w rear wheel electric bike conversion kit


  • Motor location: In front or rear wheel
  • Motor compatibility: 135mm quick-release rear dropouts or 100 mm on the front
  • Motor weight: 8 kg
  • Power output: 1000w (1200w peak power)
  • Voltage: 48v
  • Top speed: 25 mph – 30 mph
  • Price: $220 / £220 The price varies between supplier


  • Very cheap
  • A lot of power for the price
  • Reliable


  • Very heavy
  • Inefficient
  • Not road legal in the UK and EU

The Voilamart 1000w rear wheel direct drive e-bike conversion kit offers exceptional value for money. In fact, out of all the kits reviewed in this article, this one offers the best bang for your buck! It’s usually available in 26″, 28″ and 26″ wheel sizes.

I have installed loads of these over the years, and they are surprisingly reliable, considering the bargain price. These direct-drive hub motors are generally very robust and reliable. They may not be particularly efficient, but this motor will give you enough power to comfortably ride at 25 – 30mph on the flat. It’s worth considering if you are after something a bit faster.

Yose Power Front Wheel Motor Kit

Best Front Wheel E-Bike Conversion Kit

yose power front wheel e-bike conversion kit
The Yose Power front wheel e-bike conversion kit


  • Motor location: Front wheel
  • Motor compatibility: 100mm
  • Motor weight: quick-release dropouts
  • Power output: 250w
  • Voltage: 36v
  • Top speed: 15.5 mph / 25 km/h


  • Excellent value for money
  • Easy installation
  • Tools included
  • Nice display
  • Road legal in the UK and EU


  • Noisy under load
  • It adds a lot of weight to the front
  • Not suitable for steep technical off-road climbs

👇Use Discount Code: BH2E24BXQH for a €10 discount (Yose Power Direct)

Buy on Yose Power Direct Buy on eBay

During my time converting e-bikes, the Yose Power e-bike conversion kit was among the most popular. If you’re looking for one of the easiest ways to electrify your bike, a front hub motor is simple to fit. I used to deal with Yose Power directly and always found them to be very helpful. Plus, their motor kits come with a tool kit, cable ties, and instructions.

Performance is quite good for moderate hills and rolling terrain, and because these motors are quite small, they don’t add too much weight to your bike. In addition, the 250-watt version is road-legal in the UK and EU. For the price, they’re probably one of the best e-bike conversion kits going and well worth considering if you want a quick and easy way to convert your bike to electric.

EBike conversion kits (a quick guide)

Several important factors must be considered when searching for the best electric bike conversion kit. I have outlined some important considerations below to help you make the best choice for your needs.

E-bike laws: This is the first and most important consideration. E-bike laws vary from country to country. For example, US federal law allows for 750 watts and up to 28 mph for a class 3 e-bike. UK e-bike laws are much stricter – you are limited to 250 watts and 15.5 mph. Building a non-compliant e-bike and using it on public roads could land you in hot water. Plus, you may get your pride and joy confiscated.

boardman mtb fitted with bafang bbs02b e-bike conversion kit

Power output: The motor power is measured in watts and typically ranges from 250-1500 watts. A higher-wattage motor will provide more assistance but require a larger battery and may be more expensive. It’s also worth remembering that higher wattage doesn’t always translate to better performance. The type of motor and the way it delivers the power is important. You can have a 250-watt mid-drive motor, outperforming a 750-watt hub motor on hills.

Check out the top 20 electric bike FAQs

Battery capacity: The battery is the power source for the e-bike and is measured in voltage and amp hours (Ah). A larger battery will provide a longer range and add weight to the bike. Battery choice is one of the most important things to consider when buying a conversion kit. Buy cheap, and you may not get the best out of your motor. Plus, longevity may be greatly diminished. The type of lithium cells used and how the battery is assembled will all affect performance. So, for that reason, I recommend getting a battery that uses either Samsung, LG, Sanyo, or Panasonic cells.

specialized bike fitted with an e-bike conversion kit

Compatibility: If you’re buying a hub motor, choose a conversion kit compatible with your current bike’s wheel size – this can usually be found on the tyre’s side wall. In addition, most hub motor kits are for quick-release dropouts – some modern bikes have thru-axle frames, which would not be suitable for these motors. For a mid-drive motor, there are different things to consider – the main being your bicycle’s bottom bracket size. Most mid-drive motors fit a standard BSA threaded bottom bracket of 68 mm-73 mm with an internal diameter of 33.5mm.

Speed: This also relates to legality. Most e-bike conversion kits come with an LCD, allowing you to limit your bike’s top speed. This can be useful for riders who want to stay on the right side of the law, maximise battery range or use their e-bike for commuting or recreation, and not for high-speed riding.

Types of ebike motor

Mid-drive motor: A mid-drive or crank-drive motor is fitted in place of the bicycle’s bottom bracket – this component connects the crankset to the bike and allows the crank to rotate freely. The main benefit of this type of motor is it places the extra weight centrally and low down. This can improve stability and handling and make the bike feel more ‘planted’. Other benefits include performance and efficiency. Because a mid-drive utilises the bike’s drivetrain to transfer power to the back wheel (like on a motorcycle), you get better torque and much stronger hill-climbing ability. This is my favourite kind of e-bike motor.

a bafang mid drive motor

Hub motor: These are the cheapest and most common types of conversion kits. Electric hub motors have been around for over 100 years, and modern direct-drive motors are that far removed. They are heavy and inefficient. But, they offer substantial performance gains for not a lot of money. Geared hub motors are more recent. And, as the name suggests, these motors have a planetary gear system which allows the motor to spin faster than the wheel. They produce more torque and are much better at hill climbing. Plus, they are much lighter and more energy efficient (than direct drives).

Friction drive motor: These motors have also been around for a while and are an easy way to boost your pedal power. These are usually fully integrated units with relatively low battery ranges. A small motor drives a rubberised roller. Which, in turn, makes contact with the tire and assists. Recently, motors like the Rubee X featured above have taken this old technology and added a modern twist. A single unit you can fit onto most bikes and quickly remove when not in use. It is ideal for the commuter or rider looking for a boost occasionally. But it’s not really practical for longer-distance riding.

Find out more about the pros and cons of hub motors vs. mid-drives

E-Bike conversion kit pros and cons


  • Customisation: You can choose a kit that fits your needs and preferences. If you live in a very hilly area, you can specify a high-torque mid-drive with plenty of hill-climbing power. Or, if you live in a flat area, maybe a big hub motor for effortless cruising. In addition, you can get the right battery for your requirements. If you only ride short distances, a small battery will suffice. If it’s weekend adventures off-the-beaten-track, then a big, high-capacity battery is what you need.
  • Using a bike you already own: Still got that classic ’90s mountain bike languishing in your shed or garage? Why not give it a good clean-up, service, and fit conversion kit? It will completely transform it and motivate you to get out and ride. Hills and headwinds needn’t be a problem anymore!
  • Cost: Generally speaking, converting a bike you own to an electric one will be significantly cheaper. With most mid-drive electric bikes starting at over $1500 / £1500, you can build one for a fraction of that price.


  • Compatibility issues: You’ve taken measurements and double-checked everything, only to find that installing your kit’s not going well. Unfortunately, this does happen, and even after five years in the trade, I still came unstuck occasionally. No two bikes are the same, and most e-bike kits are generic. As long as you research beforehand, you will limit this risk.
  • Excessive wiring: If you want your project to look like a factory-produced e-bike, you must deal with all the excessive wiring that usually comes with these kits. It took me a little practice, and you’d be surprised how good the finished article can be. But, if you slap everything on and don’t tidy anything up, your bike will have a ‘DIY look’.
  • Reliability: In my experience, most e-bike conversion kits are fairly reliable. But, problems do seem more common with conversion kits when compared with factory-produced electric bikes.
tongsheng tsdz2 e-bike conversion
A Hybrid Bike I converted back in 2018


Converting a bike you own to an electric can be fun, but it can also be challenging. You will need a good workspace, preferably a bike stand, to make things easier. Having the right tools beforehand will also help. If you’re not confident in your ability to do the job yourself, then I would ask a friend to help or even use the services of your local bike shop. Some shops won’t touch e-bike conversion kits, but others will gladly help.

The best ebike conversion kits offer a cost-effective and customisable way to enjoy the benefits of an electric bike. When choosing your conversion kit, remember the compatibility, installation, weight, laws and regulations, and maintenance. With the right conversion kit and a little bit of effort, you can give your old bike a makeover and start to enjoy riding again.

Thanks for reading. If in doubt, please feel free to leave a message in the comments section below, and I’ll get back to you within 24 hours. Thanks for reading!

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  1. I want know what bike is easy to put a befang 750w on and this just talks about motors when I already have motor in mind I’m looking for 26 inch wheel al disc breaks any cheap (under £351) that look good name them ppl I need to know how many teeth version to get aswell not got motor yet also 68mm bb but not sealed must be threaded I believe

    1. Hi,

      The Bafang is a good fit on any older MTB from the early 2000s. Something like a GT Zaskar, Giant XTC. For newer bikes, something like the Decathlon Rockrider or Carrera Vengeance or Vulcan from Halford’s

  2. Hi Tony
    Fantastic website.
    I’m struggling to choose a kit to a 1997 Marin Rift Zone. The issue is how to fit a battery. Most “kits to fit” from UK online suppliers offer batteries that are designed to fit either into a rack or within the frame triangle. Neither is appropriate for the Rift Zone. Your website shows a picture of a conversion where a Tongsheng TSDZ2 has been put on an Orange full suspension bike, the frame configuration of which is similar to my Marin. This has the standard battery case attached under the down tube. My R.Z. has bottle cage mounts there but the clearance is quite tight vis-a-vis the front suspension movement and a bottle cage battery would be more appropriate. What I don’t understand, and can’t find any definitive statements on the web, is how you choose a battery to work with a particular motor. You give links to suppliers for motors and batteries and you say somewhere that the TSDZ2 has the controller built in to the BB motor. How do I specify a battery to work with the TSDZ2? (I am looking for a smallish battery -10-13 ah- to use occasionally to help out with the steep hills, not some massive thing that will last for 50 miles).
    The other issue is whether a hub motor would be better for me. The bike is kept abroad; I don’t speak the language fluently enough to manage repairs and such like and I get the impression that the hub motors are simpler and mor reliable/robust. However I’m a longtime cyclist of many years and something in your writings make me think a torque sensor conversion would suit me better.
    Thanks (and even if you can’t help your website is a really good resource)

    1. Hi John,

      Your best bet would be a 36v10.5Ah compact bottle battery. They’re about the same size as a large water bottle and will fit in a regular bottle cage. Although I would add a velcro strap for good measure. Depending on how much travel your forks have you should get away with it. The other alternative would be a seat post mounted battery pack, or what some people do is have a small battery in a large saddle bag. Here is a link to my battery supplier, they can also custom-build batteries if required.

      Regarding motor suitability, the TSDZ2 is generally reliable (in my experience) but if they do go wrong, they can be a right pain to fix if you’re not prepared. There are hub motor kits available from China that use bottom bracket torque sensors. They basically replace the existing square-tapered BB with one that has a sensor built in. The only problem is you will need to drill a hole in the bottom bracket for the sensor lead. Here is a link to a kit I fitted in the past.

      Glad you like the website, if you need any more advice, please let me know.


  3. Hallo Tony,

    Dies ist eine Wunderbare Seite. Ich lese mich schon seit Tagen hinein und habe Lust von mal zu mal mehr E-bikes zu bauen. Nur fange ich gerade an und bin noch nicht mit den Besonderheiten von Fahrrädern vertraut und als Anfänger ist es nicht so leicht bei allen Sachen wie Kettenpaket oder Presslager durchzublicken.
    Ich habe nämlich ein tolles Fahrrad bekommen:
    Nur bin ich mir nicht sicher ob der Bafang BBS02 hier dazu passt oder ob ich wegen des gepressten Tretlagers nicht doch lieber ein Hinterradmotor von Bafang einbauen sollte. Den da habe ich ein Standard-Ausfallenden (135mm breit) Hinterteil. Aber da weiß ich nicht ob ich nun ein Kassette oder Freilauf habe. Ich glaube Kassette.

    Bafang finde ich schon Klasse. Nur bin ich mir unsicher ob es dann passt.

    Vielen dank schonmal von einen E-bike neuling.
    Mit freundlichsten Gruß

    1. Hallo Mark,

      Vielen Dank für Ihre positiven Kommentare, sehr geschätzt.

      Ich habe die Spezifikation Ihres Fahrrads überprüft und es verwendet ein Truvativ Howitzer Tretlager, das laut weiteren Untersuchungen auf ein Standard-BSA 68mm-73mm Tretlagergehäuse passt. Dies würde bedeuten, dass der Bafang BBS02 leicht genug passen sollte. Sie benötigen ein Spezialwerkzeug, um das Tretlager zu entfernen, und Sie benötigen eine Batterie, die in den begrenzten Rahmenraum passt.

      Ihr Fahrrad verwendet eine Kassette. Wenn Sie sich also für einen Bafang-Hinterradnabenmotor entscheiden, möchten Sie einen mit einem eingebauten Kassetten-Freilauf.

      Wenn Sie weitere Ratschläge benötigen, lassen Sie es mich bitte wissen.


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